NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF Cucumis sativus L. AND Solanum melongena L. FRUITS
CHINEDU IMO*, CHRISTOPHER SHAIBU AND KHADIYAT SANDA YUSUF
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria.
Afr. J Pharm Res Dev; Volume 11(2): 074-087 ; 2019
This study investigated the nutritional composition of Cucumis sativus L. fruit and Solanum melongena L. fruit. The fruits where purchased in Wukari, Nigeria. They were sun-dried and processed for the various analysis. The amino acids analyses were carried out with the use of HPLC, while vitamin and proximate analyses were carried out with the use of AOAC methods. Cucumis sativus fruit is higher in moisture and carbohydrates than Solanum melongena fruit, while Solanum melongena fruit is higher in crude protein, crude fibre, crude lipid and ash than Cucumis sativus fruit. Cucumis sativus fruit is higher in vitamin A, B3, B5, B6, B7, D and K than Solanum melongena fruit, while Solanum melongena fruit is higher in vitamin B1, B2, B9, B12, C and E than Cucumis sativus fruit. Cucumis sativus fruit is higher in methionine, threonine and isoleusine than Solanum melongena fruit, while Solanum melongena fruit is higher in lysine, leusine, phenylalanine, valine, tryptophan, histidine, arginine, serine, cysteine, tyrosine, alanine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine and proline than Cucumis sativus fruit. This study showed the various importance of the two fruits in general nutrition due to the presence and appreciable amounts of some essential nutrients in them.
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KEYWORDS: Amino acids; Cucumis sativus; Nutrient; Solanum melongena; Vitamin