QUANTITATIVE DETERMINATION OF SELECTED HEAVY METALS AND MICRONUTRIENTS IN BRANDED DAIRY PRODUCTS SOLD IN NIGERIA USING ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY (AAS)

QUANTITATIVE DETERMINATION OF SELECTED HEAVY METALS AND MICRONUTRIENTS IN BRANDED DAIRY PRODUCTS SOLD IN NIGERIA USING ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROSCOPY (AAS)


SUNDAY NWANKWO OKAFOR1, CHINENYE JOSSE OKAFOR1, EMMANUELLA TOCHUKWU OGBONNA1,*, CHINELO EZENWAFOR1, PATIENCE OGOAMAKA OSADEBE1

1. Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka,
410001, Enugu State, Nigeria.

Afr. J Pharm Res Dev; Volume 16(1): 33-38; 2024

ABSTRACT

Quantitative analysis of heavy metals and nutrients in food helps indicate the safety and quality of food for final consumers. The present study was conducted to assess the presence of heavy metals (arsenic, copper, mercury, chromium, and lead) and the nutritional value of calcium in branded milk and yogurt to evaluate health risks for consumers. Ten (10) samples of branded milk and dairy products manufactured in Nigeria were purchased. The metal contents of the samples were determined using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The concentrations of calcium in the milk samples were between 9.33 ± 0.0023 and 18 ± 0.0071 ppm and were detected in all samples. Arsenic concentrations ranged from 0.45 ± 0.00042 to 2.48 ± 0.00064 ppm in eight branded samples but were undetected in two samples. Chromium levels were undetected in most samples, except for two with concentrations of 0.12±0.00049 ppm and 0.23±0.00021 ppm, respectively. Copper ranged from 0.032±0.00021 ppm to 0.129±0.00021 ppm in six samples. Mercury levels were detected in six samples at a concentration of 1.0±1.0 ppm. Lead concentrations ranged from 0.15±0.00064 to 0.29±0.00028 ppm in three samples. The study found heavy metals above the ideal concentration in branded milk and dairy products in Nigeria, highlighting the need for quality control measures during production to prevent contamination.

Email of correspondence: emmanuellaogbonnat@gmail.com;

Keywords: Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), Diary product, Micronutrient, Heavy metal, Quantitative determination.

https://doi.org/10.59493/ajopred/2024.1.4                 ISSN: 0794-800X (print); 1596-2431 (online)

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